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WHERE TO GO BIRDING IN PERU

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 Birding Chiclayo vicinity: Rafán, Bosque Pomac, Chaparri, Laquipampa, Puerto Eten and surroundings (Lambayeque).

 

Rafán
Raf
án was until recently the only site where one could have a reasonable chance of seeing the threatened Peruvian Plantcutter. Here large Prosopis (Mesquite) trees still exists and there is a good understory of Capparis, Maytenus and other bushes. The combination of good understory and large Prosopis trees seems to be what determines if a Prosopis patch holds the rare Plantcutter. The area covers well over 100 ha, but a major part has been seriously altered and there is currently no protection at this classic site. Other birds one finds here include Rufous Flycatcher, Neclaced Spinetail, Superciliaried Wren, Cinereous Finch, Collared Antshrike, Scarlet-backed Woodpecker, Gray-and-White Tyrannulet, Short-tailed Field-Tyrant, Coastal Miner, Peruvian Pygmy-Owl, Amazilia Hummingbird, Tumbes Tyrannulet (split from Mouse-colored Tyrannulet); Pacific Hornero, Baird´s Flycatcher, Fasciated Wren, Long-tailed Mockingbird, Golden-olive Woodpecker, White-faced (possible split from Tropical) Gnatcatcher, Scrub Nightjar, Lesser Nighthawk, Band-winged Nighjar, Saffron Finch and occasionally, with luck, the very rare Peruvian Martin.

To get here just drive west for about 5 Km from the dirt turn-off just north of the bridge over Saña river.

Bosque Pomac.
In 2000 a new site for Peruvian Plantcutter as well as Rufous Flycatcher was found at Bosque Pomac  - a 5 887,38ha reserve that mainly protects archeological sites such as Batán Grande, but has also saved  a considerable chunk of Prosopis woodland. In spite of this, also here the understory is being cleared by grazing goats and occasional understory fires. Birds are similar to Rafan but the area is also a great place to find the localized Tumbes Swallow. Other birds easier to find here than at Rafan include White-tailed Jay, White-edged Oriole and with tremendous luck the extremely rare and local population of  Black-faced Ibis -  a seriously threatened species in Peru.

LAQUIPAMPA WILDLIFE REFUGE

This 8000 State Protected Area (ex–Laquipampa reserved zone) is the first of its kind in Perú and holds one of the finest samples of Tumbesian Endemics and Andean Avifauna. Here you can find in the wild one the most emblematic birds of north Peru: The White-winged Guan. In the lower parts of the refuge it is easy to find Ochre-bellied Dove, Red-masked Parakeet, Baird’s Flycatcher, Short-tailed Woodstar, Baron’s Hermit, Pacific Parrotlet, West-Peruvian Screech-owl, Scrub Nightjar, Guayaquil Woodpecker, Collared Antshrike, Elegant Crescentchest, Supercilated Wren, Tumbes Sparrow and Tumbes Pewee

In the forest of the middle part you may encounter Henna-hooded and Rufous-necked Foliage-gleaners, Watkin’s Antpitta, Chapman’s Antshrike, Gray-breasted Flycatcher, Speckle-breasted Wren, Three-banded and Gray & Gold Warblers, while in the high parts the interesting species are Bearded Guan, Blue Seedeater (only the second confirmed site in Peru), Piura Chat-tyrant, Koepcke’s Screech Owl, Ecuadorian Piculet, Tumbes Tyrannulet and Black-cowled Saltator among others of the 160 species birdlist of the area.

The Laquipampa Wildlife Refuge is administrated by the INRENA and the adjacent community of Laquipampa, which can provide local guides to explore the trails. There is sleeping facilities and restaruants owned by the local comuneros. Visits can be arranged in the INRENA office in Ferreñafe.  

Puerto Etén
The coastal marshes near Puerto Etén may be worth a visit if you have time to spare and want to boost your North Peru trip list. Often Peruvian Thickknee, Tawny-throated Dottorel and Burrowing Owl can be spotted on the way there and the marshes themselves hold White-tufted Grebe, Cinnamon Teal,  many  waders, as well as Wren-like Rushbird and Many-colored Rush-Tyrant in the reeds. A view over the ocean usually adds Peruvian Pelicans, Peruvian and Brown Boobies and Kelp Gulls.

Chaparri Ecological Reserve and Tinajones Reservoir (Lambayeque).
Chaparri Ecological Reserve is a 34,412 hectare community-owned and managed protected area. Chaparri offers the visitor good birding and is undoubtedly the easiest place to see White-winged Guans. The species has been introduced here and the valley now contains a mixture of reintroduced birds, their wild born off-spring and a couple of wild origin birds that have joined them. The reserve now has a population of 40 birds in two valleys with an unknown number in nearby areas. The reserve is also probably the best place to find the rare Tumbes Tyrant with four territories being well known by local guides. Other notable birds include: Andean Condor, King Vulture, Black-chested Buzzard-Eagle, Solitary Eagle, Peruvian Screech-Owl, Scrub Nightjar, Tumbes Hummingbird, Purple-collared Woodstar, Short-tailed Woodstar, Guayaquil Woodpecker, Necklaced Spinetail, Collared Antshrike, Elegant Crescent-chest, Short-tailed Field-Tyrant, Rufous Flycatcher, Plumbeous-backed Thrush, White-tailed Jay, Cinereous Finch, Sulphur-throated Finch, White-headed Brush-Finch, Black-capped Sparrow, Tumbes Sparrow, White-edged Oriole.

Some 196 species of birds have been recorded in the reserve to date. The reserve is also home to Spectacled Bears, Sechuran Foxes, Puma, Ocelot and Pampas Cat. The reserve has three visitor trails and a vulture feeding station in the core area but the entrance road and even community fields en route also provide good birding. Visits to the reserve must be coordinated in advance as there is a limit of 30 visitors per day. All visitors must pay an entrance fee (which goes to the community) of 10 soles per person and contract a local guide for 20 soles per group (one guide for up to 10 people). Day visits can be coordinated by calling Sr. Juan Carrasco +74 433194. The Chaparri EcoLodge, owned by Peruvian photographer Heinz Plenge and his family, is now operating in the reserve, providing overnight accommodation.

Tinajones Reservoir
Adjacent to the Chaparri Reserve the Tinajones Reservoir is a good site for watching waterbirds in northern Peru and often support hundreds of ducks and waders. There is currently a project underway that will create some permanent lagoons with hides in the near future. This is probably the most reliable site for Black-faced Ibis in the northern coastal area. Great Grebe is resident on the open water. Other notable species recorded have included Chilean Flamingo, Wood Stork, Puna Ibis, Least Bittern, Comb Duck,

 
 
Order
Common Name Scientific Name
Range
Status
1
Andean Tinamou Nothoprocta pentlandii
2
White-winged Guan Penelope albipennis
E
CR
3
Comb Duck Sarkidiornis sylvicola
4
Blue-winged Teal Anas discors
5
Cinnamon Teal Anas cyanoptera
6
White-cheeked Pintail Anas bahamensis
7
Yellow-billed Pintail Anas georgica
8
Southern Pochard Netta erythrophthalma
9
Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps
10
Great Grebe Podiceps major
11
Chilean Flamingo Phoenicopterus chilensis
NT
12
Wood Stork Mycteria americana
13
Black-faced Ibis Theristicus melanopis
14
Puna Ibis Plegadis ridgwayi
15
Boat-billed Heron Cochlearius cochlearius
16
Least Bittern Ixobrychus exilis
17
Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
18
Striated Heron Butorides striatus
19
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
20
Cocoi Heron Ardea cocoi
21
Great Egret Ardea alba
22
Tricolored Heron Egretta tricolor
23
Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea
24
Snowy Egret Egretta thula
25
Magnificent Frigatebird Fregata magnificens
26
Brown Pelican Pelecanus occidentalis
27
Blue-footed Booby Sula nebouxii
28
Peruvian Booby Sula variegata
RR
29
Neotropic Cormorant Phalacrocorax brasilianus
30
Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura
31
Black Vulture Coragyps atratus
32
King Vulture Sarcoramphus papa
33
Andean Condor Vultur gryphus
NT
34
Northern Crested Caracara Caracara cheriway
35
American Kestrel Falco sparverius
36
Aplomado Falcon Falco femoralis
37
Merlin Falco columbarius
38
Bat Falcon Falco rufigularis
39
Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus
40
Osprey Pandion haliaetus
41
Pearl Kite Gampsonyx swainsonii
42
Cinereous Harrier Circus cinereus
43
Plain-breasted Hawk Accipiter ventralis
44
Bicolored Hawk Accipiter bicolor
45
Great Black-Hawk Buteogallus urubitinga
46
Savanna Hawk Buteogallus meridionalis
47
Harris´ Hawk Parabuteo unicinctus
48
Black-chested Buzzard-Eagle Geranoaetus melanoleucus
49
Montane Solitary Eagle Harpyhaliaetus solitarius
NT
50
Red-backed Hawk Buteo polyosoma
51
Zone-tailed Hawk Buteo albonotatus
52
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
53
Andean Coot Fulica ardesiaca
54
Peruvian Thick-knee Burhinus superciliaris
55
Black-necked Stilt Himantopus mexicanus
56
American Golden Plover Pluvialis dominica
57
Killdeer Charadrius vociferus
58
Collared Plover Charadrius collaris
59
Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularia
60
Solitary Sandpiper Tringa solitaria
61
Greater Yellowlegs Tringa melanoleuca
62
Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes
63
Western Sandpiper Calidris mauri
64
Least Sandpiper Calidris minutilla
65
White-rumped Sandpiper Calidris fuscicollis
66
Baird´s Sandpiper Calidris bairdii
67
Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos
68
Wilson´s Phalarope Phalaropus tricolor
69
Kelp Gull Larus dominicanus
70
Gray-hooded Gull Chroicocephalus cirrocephalus
71
Franklin´s Gull Leucophaeus pipixcan
72
Black Skimmer Rynchops niger
73
Eared Dove Zenaida auriculata
74
Pacific Dove Zenaida meloda
75
Plain-breasted Ground-Dove Columbina minuta
76
Ecuadorian Ground-Dove Columbina buckleyi
RR
77
Croaking Ground-Dove Columbina cruziana
78
Bare-faced Ground-Dove Metriopelia ceciliae
79
White-tipped Dove Leptotila verreauxi
80
Ochre-bellied Dove Leptotila ochraceiventris
RR
VU
81
Red-masked Parakeet Aratinga erythrogenys
RR
NT
82
Scarlet-fronted Parakeet Aratinga wagleri
83
Pacific Parrotlet Forpus coelestis
RR
84
Black-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus erythropthalmus
85
Gray-capped Cuckoo Coccyzus lansbergi
86
Groove-billed Ani Crotophaga sulcirostris
87
Striped Cuckoo Tapera naevia
88
Barn Owl Tyto alba
89
Peruvian Screech-Owl Megascops roboratus
90
(West) Peruvian Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium peruanum (ssp nov)
91
Burrowing Owl Athene cunicularia
92
Striped Owl Pseudoscops clamator
93
Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus
94
Common Potoo Nyctibius griseus
95
Lesser Nighthawk Chordeiles acutipennis
96
Pauraque Nyctidromus albicollis
97
Pacific Band-winged Nightjar Caprimulgus longirostris decussatus
98
Scrub (Anthony’s) Nightjar Caprimulgus anthonyi
RR
99
White-collared Swift Streptoprocne zonaris
100
Tumbes Swift Chaetura ocypetes
101
Lesser Swallow-tailed Swift Panyptila cayennensis
102
Gray-chinned Hermit Phaethornis griseogularis
103
Tumbes Hummingbird Leucippus baeri
RR
104
Spot-throated Hummingbird Leucippus taczanowskii
E
105
Amazilia Hummingbird Amazilia amazilia
106
Long-billed Starthroat Heliomaster longirostris
107
Oasis Hummingbird Rhodopis vesper
108
Peruvian Sheartail Thaumastura cora
109
Purple-collared Woodstar Myrtis fanny
110
Short-tailed Woodstar Myrmia micrura
RR
111
Little Woodstar Chaetocercus bombus
VU
112
Ringed Kingfisher Ceryle torquatus
113
Green Kingfisher Chloroceryle americana
114
Scarlet-backed Woodpecker Veniliornis callonotus
115
Golden-olive Woodpecker Piculus rubiginosus
116
Lineated Woodpecker Dryocopus lineatus
117
Guayaquil Woodpecker Campephilus gayaquilensis
NT
118
Coastal Miner Geositta peruviana
E
119
Pale-legged Hornero Furnarius leucopus
120
Pacific Hornero Furnarius cinnamomeus
121
Necklaced Spinetail Synallaxis stictothorax
RR
122
Henna-hooded Foliage-gleaner Hylocryptus erythrocephalus
RR
VU
123
Streak-headed Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes souleyetii
124
Red-billed Scythebill Campylorhamphus trochilirostris
125
Collared Antshrike Sakesphorus bernardi
RR
126
Watkins’ Antpitta Grallaria watkinsi
RR
127
Elegant Crescentchest Melanopareia elegans
RR
128
Peruvian Plantcutter Phytotoma raimondii
E
EN
129
Tumbesian Tyrannulet Phaeomyias tumbezana
130
Pacific Elaenia Myiopagis subplacens
RR
131
Gray-and-white Tyrannulet Pseudelaenia leucospodia
RR
132
Yellow-bellied Elaenia Elaenia flavogaster
133
White-crested Elaenia Elaenia albiceps
134
Tumbes Beardless-Tyrannulet Camptostoma obsoletum sclateri
135
Rufous-winged Tyrannulet Mecocerculus calopterus
136
Tawny-crowned Pygmy-Tyrant Euscarthmus meloryphus
137
Common Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum cinereum
138
Bran-colored Flycatcher Myiophobus fasciatus
139
Tumbes Pewee Contopus punensis
140
Black Phoebe Sayornis nigricans
141
Vermilion Flycatcher Pyrocephalus rubinus
142
Tumbes Tyrant Tumbezia salvini
E
NT
143
Short-tailed Field-Tyrant Muscigralla brevicauda
144
Rufous Flycatcher Myiarchus semirufus
E
145
Sooty-crowned Flycatcher Myiarchus phaeocephalus
RR
146
Baird´s Flycatcher Myiodynastes bairdii
RR
147
Snowy-throated Kingbird Tyrannus niveigularis
148
Tropical Kingbird Tyrannopsis melancholicus
149
Black-and-white Becard Pachyramphus albogriseus
150
Brown-chested Martin Progne tapera
151
Gray-breasted Martin Progne chalybea
152
Peruvian Martin Progne murphyi
VU
153
Tumbes Swallow Tachycineta stolzmanni
154
Blue-and-white Swallow Pygochelidon cyanoleuca
155
Southern Rough-winged Swallow Stelgidopteryx ruficollis
156
Bank Swallow Riparia riparia
157
Chestnut-collared Swallow Petrochelidon rufocollaris
158
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica
159
Yellowish Pipit Anthus lutescens
160
Fasciated Wren Campylorhynchus fasciatus
161
Superciliated Wren Thryothorus superciliariS
RR
162
Southern House Wren Troglodytes musculus
163
Long-tailed Mockingbird Mimus longicaudatus
164
Swainson´s Thrush Catharus ustulatus
165
Plumbeous-backed Thrush Turdus reevei
RR
166
Ecuadorian Thrush Turdus maculirostris
167
Tropical Gnatcatcher Polioptila plumbea
168
White-faced Gnatcatcher Polioptila plumbea bilineata
RR
169
White-tailed Jay Cyanocorax mystacalis
RR
170
House Sparrow Passer domesticus
171
Red-eyed Vireo Vireo olivaceus
172
Rufous-browed Peppershrike Cyclarhis gujanensis
173
Hooded Siskin Carduelis magellanica
174
Tropical Parula Parula pitiayumi
175
Black-lored Yellowthroat Geothlypis aequinoctialis
176
Bananaquit Coereba flaveola
177
Cinereous Conebill Conirostrum cinereum
178
Black-and-white Tanager Conothraupis speculigera
NT
179
Highland Hepatic Tanager Piranga lutea
180
Blue-gray Tanager Thraupis episcopus
181
Thick-billed Euphonia Euphonia laniirostris
182
Crimson-breasted Finch Rhodospingus cruentus
183
Ash-breasted Sierra-Finch Phrygilus plebejus
184
Cinereous Finch Piezorhina cinerea
RR
185
Collared Warbling-Finch Poospiza hispaniolensis
186
Blue-black Grassquit Volatinia jacarina
187
Variable Seedeater Sporophila corvina
188
Lined Seedeater Sporophila lineola
189
Yellow-bellied Seedeater Sporophila nigricollis
190
Drab Seedeater Sporophila simplex
RR
191
Parrot-billed Seedeater Sporophila peruviana
192
Chestnut-throated Seedeater Sporophila telasco
193
Dull-colored Grassquit Tiaris obscura
194
Saffron Finch Sicalis flaveola
195
Grassland Yellow-Finch Sicalis luteola
196
Sulphur-throated Finch Sicalis taczanowskii
197
White-headed Brush-Finch Atlapetes albiceps
198
Black-capped Sparrow Arremon abeillei abeillei
RR
199
Black-striped Sparrow Arremonops conirostris
200
Tumbes Sparrow Aimophila stolzmanni
RR
201
Rufous-collared Sparrow Zonotrichia capensis
202
Tumbes Saltator Saltator striatipectus flavidicollis
RR
203
Black-cowled Saltator Saltator nigriceps
204
Golden-bellied Grosbeak Pheucticus chrysogaster
205
Peruvian Meadowlark Sturnella bellicosa
206
Scrub Blackbird Dives warszewiczi
207
Shiny Cowbird Molothrus bonariensis
208
Yellow-tailed Oriole Icterus mesomelas
209
White-edged Oriole Icterus graceannae
RR
 
 
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