Lake Titicaca is probably what people first think of when talking about Puno. This large high altitude lake divided between Peru and Bolivia offers an endemic grebe, the Titacaca Flightless Grebe. It is still fairly easy to find along the road south of Puno town near the town Chucuito. A range of other wetland birds are common on the lake and along the shores like ducks and Puna Ibis. During migration lots of waders roosts and winters around the lake. In the reeds birds like Yellow-shouldered Blackbird, Many-coloured Rush-tyrant and Wren-like Rush-bird lives. The lakes Arapa and Ramis to the North have similar birds.
The high altitude lakes in Puno have Andean Avocets, Giant Coots, Silvery Grebes and Andean Ibises. Occasionally also Andean and Puna Flamingos.
The road between Moquegua and Puno offers a chance of finding Puna Rheas and White-throated Sierra-finches are here as well in the barren landscape. The puna grassland in Puno department has several Cansteros and Sierra- and Yellow-finches. Another Peruvian endemic found in Puno dept is Green-capped Tanager which occurs near the village Sandia which is very remote on a poor road. Once at Sandia the Tanager is easily found in the scrub near the village. In the next valley north near Limbani, is where an undescribed form of Puna Thistletail occurs. If going this far you might as well continue past Sandia to reach some forest at Maruncunca. A more typical set of east slope subtropical birds can be found here including rare birds like Scimitar-winged Piha, Olive-tufted Flycatcher, Buff-tailed Sicklebill, Sharp-tailed Streamcreeper, Unadorned Flycatcher and Scarlet-breasted Fruiteater are just some of the highlights here.